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Назва: Typology of welfare states: quality criteria for governance and ecology.
Автори: Koziuk, Viktor
Dluhopolskyi, Oleksandr
Shymanska, Oksana
Hayda, Yuryi
Ключові слова: The level of country EPI can be regarded as an important complementary criterion for the welfare state. The country environmental state is much more determined by the government efficiency, the quality of state institutions and their activities, rather than by an extensive increase in the funding of such institutions and environmental measures.
Keywords:environment, welfare, ecology, governance, cluster, country.
Дата публікації: 2018
Видавництво: Problems and Perspectives in Management. – 2018. – Vol. 16. – Issue 4. – P. 235-245.
Бібліографічний опис: Koziuk V., Dluhopolskyi O., Hayda Y., Shymanska O. Typology of welfare states: quality criteria for governance and ecology // Problems and Perspectives in Management. – 2018. – Vol. 16. – Issue 4. – P. 235-245.
Короткий огляд (реферат): In the 21st century, in addition to the generally well-known indicators of material well-being, in the modern paradigm of the welfare state, the quality of the ecological environment is gaining an ever-increasing role. Besides that, the modern definition of welfare state takes into account not only environmental dimension, but also the quality of institutions through the governance system that affects the supply of environmental goods. The study provides the classification of countries according to indicators that can ensure the identification of welfare states and the assessment of the classification role of the criteria for environmental state. The strong direct correlation between environmental state and government efficiency has been established. The results of the classification of the studied countries obtained by k-means clustering methods indicate the possibility of using the Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Government Effectiveness Index (GEI) and government expen¬ditures indicators as complementary attributes to the classical criteria for the welfare state.
Опис: Thus, a comprehensive statistical analysis of the data that characterizes the environmental state, gov¬ernment efficiency and public finances of the countries has shown a strong direct correlation between the first two indicators. However, it is not necessary to ignore the likely mutual influence of the public administration effectiveness and the share of public finances on the country environmental state. The results of the lassification of the studied countries obtained by alternative methods (k-means clustering methods, multidimensional scaling) indicate the possibility of using the EPI, GEI and ExpGov indica¬tors as complementary attributes to the classical criteria for the welfare state (but taking into account their different statistical significance). Taken together, empirical evidence suggests that environmental friendliness in countries is determined primarily by the government effectiveness, rather than by the formal attribute of the welfare state as the scale of GDP redistribution through the budget. This situation can be characterized as the absence of a fatal character in the direct relationship between the level of income and the quality of environmental goods. In a wider sense, this confirms our hypothesis that environmental goods can be offered not so much by the quantitative parameters of such a state, but rather by qualitative as an attribute of the mod¬ern understanding of welfare state. Detected dependencies confirm that environmental friendliness as a manifestation of a modern, inclusive state-driven state is not the property of extremely wealthy countries. In other words, the more the society will generate pressure on the quality of institutions, the more likely it will be to improve governance, which will improve the environmental situation, and, to a greater extent, it will be coherently with a modern understanding of what social and individual well-being are. In general, two important conclusions are drawn from the research: firstly, the level of country envi¬ronmental performance index can be regarded as an important complementary criterion for the welfare state; secondly, the country environmental state is much more determined by the government efficiency, the quality of state institutions and their activities, rather than by an extensive increase in the funding of such institutions and environmental measures.
URI (Уніфікований ідентифікатор ресурсу): http://dspace.tneu.edu.ua/handle/316497/37673
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